23, 542 people left their employments in Mexico, either due to workplace harassment or discrimination, in the first quarter of the year.
This is the highest figure for a similar period in the last 10 years, according to Inegi data.
The worst thing is that this problem worsened in the first three months of the year, registering an increase of 70.5% compared to the 13,808 people reported in the same period of 2018.
In particular, the highest annual rate among the different reasons for leaving the job, according to Finanzas Yahoo.
The main causes that involve harassment are hostile or humiliating treatment.
Analogous to, the most common acts of discrimination are by age, physical appearance and personal image and sexual orientation.
In addition, socioeconomic status, disability, gender, religion or culture.
Violence and harassment in general within companies are more frequent than they think.
This is explained by Erika Villavicencio, coordinator and researcher of organizational psychology at the UNAM.
According to a survey, seven out of 10 of the respondents suffered some form of harassment at some point in their working lives.
Under the current context, people do not want to lose their jobs.
That’s why in so in many cases they are forced to endure long hours, uncomfortable conditions or workplace harassment.
This may be the case of some single mothers who have to tolerate their bosses for the need to take sustenance to their homes, adds the researcher.
On the other hand, Ivonne Vargas, human resources specialist explain the following.
Within the companies, there is no follow-up to workplace harassment problems, and if there is, strong action is not always taken against the harasser.
According to some international statistics, only 6% of organizations take a specific measure, such as the dismissal of the harasser.
Most can have a protocol, and even almost half of the companies suggest that the case be investigated, but still very few take the appropriate measures.
Another factor that could have affected this rebound of employment due to harassment or discrimination is the growing practice of so-called mobbing (labor bullying) in private companies and public sector dependencies.
Here, the comrades or bosses harass an employee in order to submit it, discredit it, and in some cases, so that it resigns.
To this aspect is added the conjuncture of the change of government, in which many workers of the public sector may be pressured to leave their place, Vargas estimates.
In the first six months of the current government (President AMLO, the number of officials who have submitted their resignation totals 21,727.
The problem of power management and nepotism is another aspect that is behind the harassment and discrimination in companies, especially in the public sector.
For example, someone who was assigned to a position misuses that hierarchy and seeks to displace some employees by pressing them to resign and reach nearby people, Villavicencio warns.
The problem is that when a complaint is filed, especially in these issues of gender, discrimination, sexual harassment, and others, the victim is revictimized.
It means that there is such uncomfortable handling for the complainant that it revives the bad experience and the person ends up moving away, no longer wants to declare, does not want to be analyzed and desists from the demand.
On the other hand, organizations do not have the right people to deal with these problems.
Most of the people who are in human resources, who have to be the first to know and handle the situation, are usually a very operative team and they can not even make decisions.
The majority of workers who have left their jobs due to harassment or discrimination in the first quarter of the year are located in young people from 15 to 29 years old.
This sums up 14,830 cases, 63% of the total.
However, in the segment that reports the highest growth is of people aged 15 to 19.
They went from 3,963 in the first three months of 2018 to 10,133 for a similar period in 2019, a rise of 155,7%, indicates the Inegi.