You sure have heard in numerous opportunities that many emotions, physical appearance, and even some diseases are linked to hormonal behavior, and that is correct.
Our organism is formed with a million cells that, in some cases, are located meters of distance away. Therefore, to make the organism works correctly, integration and coordination systems of organs and tissues are needed. These functions are accomplished by the endocrine and nervous system.
The endocrine system consists of a group of glands system and other structures, which elaborates biologically active substances (hormones) that are freed in the circulatory system, modulating metabolism and other processes like cardiovascular function, growth, reproduction, and development.
Besides, there is an exocrine system, which consists of a group of glands and structures that elaborates secretions that are freed directly to the exterior, through a secretion channel generally. In this group are included hormones that participate in the digestion process.
But, What Are Hormones?
The word “hormone” derives from Greek “hormaein” which means put in movement. Classically, endocrine hormones have been described like molecules secreted by a gland to the blood and that act in a distant organ, but in recent times, this concept has been amplified. Actually, a hormone is considered a chemical substance produced by endocrine cells, which have a specific regulatory effect on certain organ cells’ activity.
Hormones are freed into the circulation to send a message to another part of the organism; therefore, it is often denoted as a chemical messenger. They are found in all multicellular organisms and their function is to be responsible for an internal communication system between cells situated in remote parts of the body.
There are two types of communication in which the human body uses hormones for. The principal is the communication between two endocrine glands, where one gland frees a hormone that excites another goal gland to modify the ranks of hormones that is freeing. The second one is between an endocrine gland and a goal organ; the common example is the releasing of insulin from the pancreas to other organs like muscles and fat cells that take it from the bloodstream.
Hormones perform these actions on many different targets due to they are freed into the bloodstream and can consequently be transported around the whole body. The complex interaction between hormones, glands and other goal organs is known as the endocrine system.
As said before, hormones are produced by glands that form part of the endocrine system. The principal hormone-producers glands are:
- Hypothalamus: In charge of body temperature, moods, hunger, and liberation of hormones from other glands. Similarly, influences thirst, sex drive, and sleep.
- Pituitary: Is considered the leading controller gland due to it influences other glands and causes the hormones that produce growth.
- Thymus: It plays an important role in the adaptive immune system, maturity of thymus and production of T-cells.
- Adrenal: Produces cortisol, controls sex drive, and produces stress hormone as well.
- Parathyroid: Controls quantities of calcium in the organism.
- Pancreas: Produces insulin and glucagon hormones, taking control of sugar levels in the bloodstream.
- Thyroid: Produces hormones associated with calories burning and heart rate.
- Pineal: this gland creates serotonin derivate of melatonin, which disturbs sleep. It is called thalamus too.
- Testes: In charge of male sex hormones production like testosterone, aldosterone, and sperm production.
- Ovaries: In charge of female sex hormones production like estrogen, estradiol, progesterone for women.
Principal Types of Hormones
Some kinds of hormones have a greater role to play in the body’s condition and well-being. Comprehending these roles will help those in search to protect and take care of their health.
- Estrogen for women is the principal sex hormone. It is responsible for puberty, trains the body and uterus for gravidity, and controls the menstrual cycle. Throughout menopause, estrogen level varies producing the typical unpleasant symptoms women suffer. They also induce specific enzymes synthesis of carbs and lipids metabolism.
- Progesterone helps menstrual cycle and plays an important role in pregnancy. Inhibits ovulation, permits the development of specialized tissues to maintain pregnancy, and provide hormones influences to birth and lactation.
- Cortisol and cortisone, also known as “stress hormone” assists the body in reacting to levels of stress. Suppress inflammatory response, stimulates glucose production and promotes proteins metabolism.
- Testosterone for men is the principal sex hormone, in charge of puberty, increases bone density, initiates facial hair growth. In addition, produces muscle mass growth and strength.
- Thyroid hormones have an important role in the development, growth, differentiation, and metabolism of almost every tissue of superior organs. They also have a caloric effect, with a high consumption of oxygen in many tissues and upsurge carbs, lipids and proteins metabolism.
- Catecholamines are adrenaline and dopamine, which increase muscular contraction strength and increases respiratory frequency.
- Glucagon is a sugar mobilizing and its metabolic effect is contrary to insulin. Increases rapid mobilization of energetic reservations in the organism, it also promotes exit of glucose from the liver
- Insulin is the principal hormone because of its variety of effects, it increases glucose catchment decreasing glucose levels in the blood.
Causes of Hormonal Misbalance and How to regulate it
Hormonal inequities may be the consequence of some causes including:
- Poor stomach circumstances and food allergies
- Obesity as an end result of poor diets
- An upsurge in toxicity levels produced due to interaction with pesticides, viruses, toxins, too much alcohol, cigarettes, and damaging chemicals
- Too much stress.
As you can see, hormones control everything; they are like presidents of your body. If you are sad, tired, exhausted, if you have sexual desire, if you are active, they regulate everything. The most important is they function like an orchestra, which means they must be in the correct moment, place and quantity it is required, this way they will not affect the other hormone’s activity. This is why is very important to give them the importance they need.
There are habits like eating, training form and things you do that could improve your hormonal operation. It is always better to go with the natural techniques than making radical decisions. If you have a severe hormone misbalance, you must consult your doctor.
Tips to Regulate Your Hormones
- Exercise with dumbbells, your muscular mass will be stronger, this will help to regulate hormones that increase insulin receptors that will help to improve insulin resistance, that means you are going to secrete lesser insulin when you eat your foods.
- Do cardiovascular exercise in the fair measure
- Make five or four meals, and eat every 3 or 4 hours. Every time you eat is like you’d reset every hormone in your body, it helps to regulate glucose in the blood. When you stop eating, glucose in blood decreases which starts to effects insulin levels. When you remain more than 4 hours without eating, ghrelin the hormone that stimulates eating desire gets stimulated.
If you eat every 3 hours, you stop ghrelin, that way you will control leptin levels and appetite during the day.
- Decrease refined flours and sugars intakes in your diary diet. These types of sugars affect insulin levels in the blood, this is not just going to make you gain weight but creating inflammatory processes like cancer and heart diseases as well.
- Add protein and fats to your meals, protein is going to help to equilibrate insulin in your body and control appetite. Fats help to improve your hormonal balance due to some hormones like estrogen and testosterone comes from cholesterol. Recommended fats are olive oil, avocado, fish, coconut oil, peanut.
There’s nothing more important than having a healthy lifestyle, take care of your hormones to achieve it.